Mosquitto (or MQTT) is an open source implementation of a server for version 5.0, 3.1.1, and 3.1 of the MQTT protocol. The MQTT protocol provides a lightweight method of carrying out messaging using a publish/subscribe model. This makes it suitable for Internet of Things messaging such as with low power sensors or mobile devices.
MQTT is very popular with Home Assistant users. I personally use MQTT with Home Assistant to automate LED lights, door sensors and so on. It’s simply a must have for Home Automation.
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Important: This guide will not teach you how to use MQTT. This is an installation guide only. Please see the official website for more details on how to use MQTT.
Before we start, please ensure you have Docker installed. This can be installed through the Synology Package Center.
Creating Mosquitto Folders
We now need to create the Docker folder. Head into File Station and open the Docker folder. Select Create, choose Create folder and name it mosquitto. We also need to create 3 more folders inside the mosquitto directory, name them config, data and log.
Create Scheduled Task
We will now head into Control Panel > Task Scheduler > Create > Scheduled Task and click User-defined script. (see demonstration)
Configure Scheduled Task
In the window that appears, insert the following:
In the General tab, In the Task field, enter Mosquitto. From the User list, select root. Uncheck the Enabled option.
In the Schedule tab, Select Run on the following date (make sure It’s today’s date). Now select Do not repeat.
In the Task Settings tab, under Notification, You can choose to turn this on, otherwise skip this. Now copy-paste the following code into the Run command area. Now click OK.
docker run -d --name eclipsemosquitto \ -p 1883:1883 \ -p 9005:9005 \ -v /volume1/docker/mosquitto:/config/mosquitto.conf \ -v /volume1/docker/mosquitto:/data \ -v /volume1/docker/mosquitto:/log \ eclipse-mosquitto
Important: Remember to update the Directory values to match your own. Check out the GitHub page for more configuration options.
Accept the warning
When the below warning appears, press OK.
Run the Mosquitto Task
You will now see your list of tasks. Select Mosquitto, now press Run.
Confirm you want to Run Mosquitto
When asked to run Mosquitto, press Yes.
Mosquitto is now Installed
The installation of Mosquitto has now finished. Give it a few seconds to appear in your Docker list.
Important: This container does not have a Web Interface.
Docker Compose and Portainer
If you would prefer to install with Docker Compose or Portainer, use the following code. You can also view a demonstration here.
version: '3.3' services: eclipse-mosquitto: container_name: eclipsemosquitto ports: - '1883:1883' - '9005:9005' volumes: - '/volume1/docker/mosquitto:/config/mosquitto.conf' - '/volume1/docker/mosquitto:/data' - '/volume1/docker/mosquitto:/log' image: eclipse-mosquitto
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